Adenomyosis is a medical condition that affects the uterus, causing the tissue that normally lines the uterus to grow into the muscular wall of the organ. This results in a thicker, larger uterus that can cause pain, heavy periods, and discomfort.

While not life-threatening, adenomyosis can significantly impact a person’s quality of life and reproductive health.


Common symptoms of adenomyosis include:

Menstrual Pain

Heavy Bleeding

Pelvic Discomfort

Changes in Menstrual Cycle

Pain During Intercourse


Diagnosing adenomyosis can be challenging as its symptoms often overlap with other gynaecological conditions like endometriosis or fibroids. However, several diagnostic methods can help identify adenomyosis, including:
  • Pelvic Exam

    A pelvic exam may reveal an enlarged or tender uterus.

  • Ultrasound

    Transvaginal ultrasound can provide images of the uterus, helping to identify abnormalities associated with adenomyosis.

  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)

    MRI can offer detailed images of the uterus, aiding in the diagnosis of adenomyosis.

  • Biopsy

    In some cases, a tissue sample (biopsy) may be taken from the uterine lining to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment Options

Treatment for adenomyosis depends on the severity of symptoms and your reproductive goals.

  • Pain Management

    Pain relievers can help manage menstrual cramps and pelvic pain.

  • Hormonal Therapy

    Birth control pills, hormonal IUDs, or other hormonal treatments may help regulate menstrual cycles and reduce symptoms.

  • Surgical Intervention

    In severe cases or for those who have completed childbearing, surgical options such as a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) may be considered.

  • Lifestyle Changes

    Some individuals find relief from symptoms through practices like yoga, acupuncture, or dietary modifications.

Living with adenomyosis can be challenging, but you are not alone. Schedule a consultation with Dr Chang to help you navigate treatment options, manage your condition effectively and enhance your overall quality of life.

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